7 Facts About Chronic Back Pain

7 Facts About Chronic Back Pain

Chronic back pain is common. So common that many of us just grin and bear it. We write it off as old age or bad posture.

Lower back pain reveals itself in many ways. It can be a deep, dull ache in your lower back. Or it can feel like tightness and spasms in and around that area. It can also be a stinging pain or accompanied by numbness or tingling in your legs or feet. No matter how it feels for you, lower back pain hurts. 

7 Facts About Chronic Back Pain

1) There are several causes…

There are several causes of back pain. Some are minor and temporary, but others show a more serious, long-term problem. Causes can include:

  • Muscle and ligament strain
  • Bulging disks 
  • Arthritis 
  • Osteoporosis
  • Sacroiliac joint inflammation
  • Infection
  • Tumors

If you’re unsure of the cause of your back pain, it’s important to find the right diagnosis. This will let you and your care team know which treatment will work best for you.

2) … and a lot of risk factors

While many of us can, and will, develop lower back pain, there are some risk factors we can avoid to lessen the likelihood or severity of the disorder. These risk factors include:

  • Lifting objects incorrectly can cause strain on your lower back
  • Lack of exercise weakens the muscles in your abdomen and back
  • Being overweight adds extra stress to your back
  • Mental health issues like depression and anxiety are linked to a higher risk for lower back pain
  • Smoking can decrease blood flow to the spine as well as increase coughing, which strains the lower back

3) You can avoid little triggers

We can make several slight changes to ease the strain on our lower backs. They may seem like minor changes, but their benefits add up.

  • Use a chair with good lower back support
  • Arrange your monitor, keyboard, and other office equipment directly in front of you so you’re not twisting or sitting at an angle
  • Take a 20 second break to stand up and stretch every 10 minutes to loosen up your joints and muscles
  • Avoid tight clothing such as jeans that are too tight which can get in the way of moving, sitting, and bending normally
  • Ditch those high heels for a heel that’s an inch or less. This keeps your center of gravity where it should be and avoids your body from compensating

4) You’re not alone

The Mayo Clinic reports that within the past three months, 1 out of 4 adults have reported experiencing back pain. More than that, over 80% of us will experience lower back pain in our lives. It’s also the second most common reason people have for visiting their doctor.

That’s a lot of people struggling with pain. Suffering from lower back pain can feel isolating, so it’s worth remembering that you’re not alone. Reach out to your doctor or look for support groups in your area to find that bit of extra support from those who understand your pain.

5) Be careful of opioids

It’s all too easy to rely on medication to treat lower back pain. However, pain relief pills, especially opioids, only treat the symptom and not the cause. Opioids include oxycodone, codeine, hydrocodone, and morphine. Using and abusing opioids often leads to addiction problems and sometimes even fatal overdoses. 

If you find yourself struggling to manage your opioid medications or feel that you depend on them, reach out to your doctor or other health care professional for more information and advice.

6) There are a range of treatments available

There are several treatment options available besides medications which include:

  • Physical therapy and conditioning exercise programs
  • Weight loss
  • Proper footwear 
  • Epidural Steroid Injections
  • Facet Joint Injections
  • Sacroiliac joint Injections
  • Trigger Point Injections 
  • Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP) injections
  • Prolotherapy injections

7) SDOMG can help

At San Diego Orthobiologics Medical Group, we offer a range of treatments, including the procedures listed above. We also offer medication management and education. Our focus is on interventional pain procedures as well as medication support to help control and relieve pain. Get in touch today, using the form below:

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Dr. Ambach lectures to Physicians and Orthopedic Surgeons on Practical Spine Orthobiologics

Dr. Ambach lectures to Physicians and Orthopedic Surgeons on Practical Spine Orthobiologics

Dr. Mary Ambach lectures to physicians, orthopedic surgeons and other orthopedic practitioners on the use of Platelet Rich Plasma and Stem Cell Therapies for the Spine.

Dr. Ambach is one of the esteemed instructors in this Orthobiologic seminar who taught physicians on how to perform regenerative injections and diagnostic musculoskeletal ultrasound scans.

Dr. Ambach has served as faculty and speaker at regenerative conferences in and outside of the country. She has mentored many doctors all over the world in innovative procedures using cell therapies from our own bodies to heal our own orthopedic injuries.

What Lower Back Pain Might Mean About Your Health

What Lower Back Pain Might Mean About Your Health

More than 80 percent of adults will experience lower back pain at some point in their lives.1 It is the single most common cause of disability worldwide 2 and the second most common cause of adult disability in the United States. 3

Most cases of lower back pain have a  benign clinical course which resolves with conservative care such as rest, activity modification, anti-inflammatories, heat or ice therapy, and physical therapy. Some, however, will develop chronic low back pain or pain that lasts for 3 months or longer.

Common Causes of Chronic Lower Back Pain

  • Arthritis. Osteoarthritis of the spine is a condition where there is degeneration of the joints, discs, and bones in the spine as people age. Arthritis can lead to bone spurs which result in the narrowing of the space around the spinal nerves and spinal cord, a condition called spinal stenosis.
  • Facet joint dysfunction: This occurs when the facet joints, the small joints that connect the individual bones in the spinal column, get inflamed or when the cartilage in the joints becomes injured or worn out. They can also get out of normal alignment, a condition called spondylolisthesis.
  • Bulging or Ruptured Disc: The discs are soft, gel-filled structures that act as a cushion or shock absorbers between the vertebral bones in your spine.   When these discs become injured, they can bulge out and can put pressure on neighboring nerves causing pain. As people age, discs lose their hydration and wear down leading to degeneration. Degenerative discs can develop tears and collapse which causes low back pain, muscle spasm, or spinal stenosis.

Other less common causes of low back pain include spinal cord problems, scoliosis, fracture, and non-spine sources like tumors and kidney stones. It is important that your physician perform a comprehensive evaluation of your medical history and physical examination to give you an appropriate diagnosis for your back pain.

Alternative Treatments

Patients who have failed standard treatments or are seeking alternatives to spine surgery for back pain should consider Regenerative therapiesThese advanced treatments involve the use of your own cells to help your body heal faster. They avoid the risks and long-term complications associated with surgery and reduce pain to help you maintain an active lifestyle. Read about these regenerative treatment solutions here.

 Sources: 

  1. Sauver, JL et al. Why patients visit their doctors: Assessing the most prevalent conditions in a defined American population. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Volume 88, Issue 1, 56–67. 
  2. Hoy D, March L, Brooks P, et al The global burden of low back pain: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases Published Online First: 24 March 2014. doi: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-204428
  3. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Prevalence of disabilities and associated health conditions among adults—United States, 1999.  JAMA 2001;285 (12) 1571- 1572

  

What is Degenerative Disc Disease?

What is Degenerative Disc Disease?

The intervertebral discs are gel filled structures in the spine that act as cushion in between the vertebral bones. Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is a common condition that results from wear and tear of the intervertebral discs. As we age, the discs deteriorate due to repetitive stress, increased load, and decrease in blood flow and nutrition to the discs.  Degenerative changes in the discs include: annular tear (tear in the outer fibrous ring of the disc), herniation or bulge, decrease in height, drying out, stiffness and bone spurs. 

Symptoms of Degenerative Disc Disease

The symptoms of degenerative disc disease are dependent on the disc that is involved and changes in the surrounding spinal structures as a result of, or associated with the degeneration. The most common symptom of degenerative disc disease is a continuous deep pain in the neck, midback or low back that occasionally flares up to a more intense, disabling pain. The episodes can last for a few days or several weeks, and typically recurs. The baseline pain is variable in individuals and can range from almost no pain, nagging ache or severe pain. 

The pain typically gets worse with prolonged sitting, standing and walking. Twisting and bending the spine, or carrying heavy loads can also aggravate the pain in the back. Prolonged tilting of the head down while reading or working on the computer can worsen neck pain.

The pain can refer to the buttocks and hips when the lumbar spine is involved, or to the shoulder blade region when the cervical spine is involved. When the degenerated disc compresses or irritates the nearby spinal nerves, radiating pain can be felt in the buttocks, hips, legs and feet (lumbar disc degeneration); or in the shoudler, arm and hand (cervical disc degeneration). Individuals with disc problems can also experience muscle tightness or muscle spasms. 

It is not uncommon to see degenerative changes in the spinal imaging of patients over 60 years old. Majority of these patients will not present with symptoms.These imaging findings must be interpreted in the context of the patient’s clinical condition.

Treatment Options for Degenerative Disc Disease

Nonsurgical Treatments Options

Majority of patients who develop symptoms from degenerative disc disease respond well to conservative treatments without the need for surgical intervention.

  • Medications: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDS) decrease the symptoms of pain and inflammation associated with this condition. Analgesic medications or muscle relaxants can be helpful when the symptoms are severe. Medications to decrease nerve-related pain, called “sciatica” in the lumbar spine, can also be beneficial. 
  • Physical Therapy:  Therapeutic exercises to strengthen the supporting muscles, improve spinal alignment, flexibility and stability, are critical in healing the spine.  A physical therapist can help teach proper exercises and educate on activity modifications to help prevent recurrence of symptoms and injuries.  
  • Regenerative Treatments: These are innovative, non-surgical treatments using cells from your own body to heal and repair orthopedic conditions. These cell therapies, called Platelet-rich plasma and Cell-based Therapies derived from Bone Marrow, have been shown to help treat spinal conditions and provide long-term relief. 

Surgical  Treatment Options

Surgery is an option when all conservative treatment options have failed, when there is severe, debilitating pain that interferes with daily function, or when there is worsening neurologic function. These surgeries may involve the removal of a bulging portion of the disc (discectomy), removal of a portion of the bone in the spinal canal (laminectomy), replacing the degenerated disc with an artificial disc, or spinal fusion.

For help with your back pain and degenerative disc disease, please contact the experts at San Diego Orthobiologics Medical Center.

Procedures to Treat Facet Joint Pain

Procedures to Treat Facet Joint Pain

Facet joints are small joints that connect the bones of the spine called vertebrae. They come in pairs on each side of the vertebral bones. They allow for motion of the spine like bending and twisting. The orientation of the facet joint dictates the direction of the motion it allows.

There are various causes of pain coming from the facet joint. Similar to the joints in your arms and legs, the facet joints are prone to wear and tear. They can develop degenerative changes or joint osteoarthritis. This is a common condition in older people. The capsule surrounding the facet joint, which is made of ligaments and connective tissue, can be overstretched creating a sprain injury.  Autoimmune or Inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis can also affect the facet joints by causing inflammation and deterioration. 

Pain in the facet joints are typically felt in the local region of the affected joint segmetns. The pain can be felt close to the midline in the neck, upper back, mid-back or low back. Sometimes the pain is referred to the head, shoulder blade, shoulder, thigh or buttock. Stiffness, grinding in the joints (crepitus) and muscle spasm are other symptoms associated with facet joint disorders.

The standard treatment for facet joint pain include a course of physical therapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, pain relieving medications, and home exercise program. When conservative measures fail, injection therapy to the facet joints or to the nerves leading to the facet joints can be helpful. 

What is a Facet Joint Injection?

Facet joint injection is a minimally invasive procedure that is performed in an outpatient medical clinic. Local anesthesia is typically used in the procedure. There is no need for sedation in most cases. The procedure is performed under fluoroscopic (live digital x-ray) guidance. The typical substances that are injected to the facet joint are steroid medication to decrease inflammation and local anesthesia to provide immediate pain relief. The effects of these medications can provide temporary pain relief that typically last for 3-4 months.  

Another injection that can provide pain relief does not involve injection to the joint, rather it involves the injection of numbing agents to the pain transmitting nerves (medial branch) called a nerve block.  If this procedure results to a positive reponse,  another procedure called Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA) can be performed. This involves inducing a heat lesion to the medial branches to prevent transmission of pain signals to the brain.

The use of Orthobiologics is an alternative treatment to facet joint conditions. Although the research on these treatments for spinal conditions is relatively new, it has the potential to improve arthritis and provide long term pain relief.

Risks Associated with the Facet Joint Injection Procedure

Facet joint injections are relatively safe with minimal risks. Risks associated with this procedure may include:

  • Discomfort at the Injection Site: These effects are temporary and typically resolve in a few hours.
  • Adverse reaction to medications: Some of the medications used in the procedure can cause adverse reaction in susceptible individuals. It is important to review your medications with your physician prior to the procedure.  Severe allergic reactions are rare. 
  • Bleeding: Patients who are taking blood thinners or have a bleeding disorder are at risk for bleeding when undergoing an injection procedure.  Blood thinners are typically stopped for 3-5 days prior to the procedure, with the permission of your primary doctor, to avoid this risk.
  • Infection: Infection is rare when the procedure is performed under strict sterile protocols and proper procedure technique. 

Sources: 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1905869/

http://www.ajnr.org/content/33/8/1419

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206372/

Ask the Docs: Herniated Discs and Annular Tear

Ask the Docs: Herniated Discs and Annular Tear

Ask the Docs

Facebook Live Series
Live Question and Answer session with Regenerative Experts
Topic: Herniated Disc and Annular Tear
Date and Time: April 14, 2021. 12:30 PT

Join us on our Free Facebook Live Series called Ask the Docs. In this session, SDOMG physician experts will answer your questions on this common low back problem and non-surgical options to treat it.

REGISTER HERE

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